Birds are important to humans in many ways it would not be wrong to say that it’s impossible to survive without birds in this world.
In India, people have lived for several thousand years in close proximity to Nature. The earliest Hindu religious work the Rig Veda refers to about twenty birds, later Vedas list up to 250 birds, and include an interesting observation of brood parasitism by Koels and their host the House Crow.
The Sanskrit poet, Kalidasa, frequently used bird imagery in his plays and poetry.
India has spectacular birds, which have been studied intensively over the past years. Our country is undoubtedly a birdwatchers’ paradise. Some of our birds are well adapted to life around human settlements and indeed many can be found only around habitations.
The idea behind this blog is to familiarize readers with our feathered friends. In this series, we will help you to know the species of birds a little better and identify them to look for birds outside this list. We will start from common birds which we see around us and then introduce you to uncommon ones who too live around us but not seen so frequently
1. Common Mynah (Scientific name: Acridotheres tristis)
Common mynah or Indian mynah is amongst the most commonly seen bird in India. It’s an omnivorous open woodland bird with a strong territorial instinct. This black hooded brown bird has adapted so well to urban environments that it is considered one of the world’s most invasive species. They are called the “Farmer’s friend” because they eat insects that destroy crops. They are renowned for their ability to mimic the human voice. Common mynas are believed to pair for life
2. Rock Pigeon (Scientific name: Columba livia )
Rock dove or rock pigeon, usually birds referred to as the “pigeon” (Kabutar) are the most observed bird around us. They are pale grey with two black bars on each wing. Pigeons are so common in cities, farmland they actually exist in almost every city in the world that may form the majority of prey for several raptor species that live in urban areas. Pigeons are highly sociable they live in groups called flocks which have an equal number of male and female members. They are renowned for their outstanding navigational abilities
3. House Crow (Scientific name: Corvus splendens)
Crows are the common large black birds known for their intelligence and adaptability, and for their loud, harsh call “caw caw”. House Crow is a common bird found in many parts of the world. They are omnivorous scavengers and highly opportunistic they eat almost anything or whatever is available. crows are considered a bad omen but actually, they are extremely intelligent birds. They are known for their problem-solving skills and amazing communication skills.
4. Rose-ringed Parakeet(Scientific name: Psittacula krameri )
A Rose-ringed parakeet has commonly seen as a medium-sized bright green bird with some blue tail feathers and yellow under its wings. This species is one of the few parrot species that have successfully adapted to living in disturbed habitats, it has withstood the onslaught of urbanization and deforestation.
Rose-ringed Parakeet is considered one of the best-talking parakeets and can learn a vocabulary of up to 250 words. Which makes them popular pet species around the globe. Rose-ringed parakeets usually feed on buds, fruits, vegetables, nuts, berries, seeds they can fly several miles to forage in farmlands and orchards and regularly visit gardens and other locations near human habitation, taking food from bird feeders
5. White-throated Kingfisher (Scientific name: Halcyon Smyrnensis)
Amidst the hustle and bustle of the city, you may hear a jarring incessant trill, the ‘ki…ki…ki…ki’ of the white-throated kingfisher. This is the most common kingfisher seen on prominent perches including the tops of buildings in urban areas or on wires. Bright orangish-red bill, bright blue back and tail chestnut-colored head, and white breast “on which this species is been named” make this bird much attractive. It is the state bird of West Bengal. It hunts large crustaceans, insects, rodents, snakes, fish and frogs, and even small birds.